Also covers those considered historical (not seen Hackberry, celtis occidentalis, is one of the worst named and least appreciated trees.They are truly magnificent full sized canopy trees that grace the forests of the Northeast and the world. Native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders. Hackberry ( Celtis occidentalis) is one of our most common trees in Iowa. The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. How often have you used Hackberry Nipple Galls produced by the gnat-like psyllid, Pachypsylla celtidismamma, to make a slam-dunk identification of common hackberry (Celtis occidentalis)? the state. They are broad crowned and often have an erratic shape. The application of that name to Celtis occidentalis was possibly a result of the early colonists confusion with regard to the small cherry-like appearance of its fruit (Peattie, 1953, 1966). Common name: Hackberry. National Plant Data Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA. Larger sizes and additional photographs 1.  ... Celtis occidentalis common hackberry Celtis palauensis Palau hackberry Celtis … Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis Best Single Characteristic for Identification: Ulmiform parenchyma arrangement and several rows of large earlywood pores. To be clear there are two species of hackberry, Celtis occidentalis and Celtis … pumila (Pursh) Gray https://www.fs.fed.us/database/feis/plants/tree/celocc/all.html Floodplain (river or stream floodplains), forests, meadows and fields, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but occasionally in wetlands. evidence (herbarium specimen, photograph). To reuse an It is common in Missouri where it typically occurs statewide in low woods along streams and in drier upland slopes (Steyemark). Note: when native and non-native Nipple galls. Hardiness: Zones 2 through 9. Common names are from state and federal lists. VT. Forests, riparian terraces, regenerating fields, commonly on high-pH soils. ; cordata Willd. These are jumping plant lice that look like tiny cicadas. Non-native: introduced occidentalis: Latin meaning western (named by Linnaeus) in comparison with australis, southern. The bark of the hackberry has corky projections and is often called "warty". Warty, corky bark covers the trunk. L. N. common hackberry. Height 40' to 75', diameter 10" to 36"; limbs often crooked and angular; tree head made up of slender, hanging branches or short, bristly, stubby twigs when growing in the forest; in the open, crown is generally symmetrical. This tree is a member of the Cannabis (marijuana) family. Witches broom. Celtis laevigata can be pruned and kept at shrub size by cutting them to the ground every 2-3 years. Scales of various types may be found on Hackberry. Learn more about the trees you love! Can you please help us? Celtis occidentalis L. var. As the summer progresses, the leaves are likely to be covered with nipple galls. The first photo on left shows leaves in mid May. cturtletrax/Getty Images. 1 January 2009). (intentionally or The branches tend to droop, giving mature trees a cylindrical shape and the appearance of even and equal spread of branches. Celtis occidentalis is mostly associated with moist soils along streams in Wisconsin, north at least to the Peshtigo River in southern Marinette County, but uncommon or absent over the far northern counties. Powdery mildew and leaf spot may occur. in part by the National Science Foundation. 2009. Common hackberry is a medium to large tree with a rounded crown, up to 90 feet tall. The bark is tight light colored bark with numerous warty masses all over. 1). Common hackberry is a member of the Elm Family (Ulmaceae). Accessed: 09-Oct-10. The tiny, yellowish nymphs rapidly become enveloped by gall tissue and are rarely seen. Take a photo and Celtis occidentalis USDA, NRCS. Gray. Celtis occidentalis Celtis occidentalis L. var. donations to help keep this site free and up to date for Plant profile page. Leaves are alternate, simple, with one side longer or wider than the other, sharply toothed, 2–4 inches long, with 3 main veins emerging from the base, tip sharply pointed, base uneven. you. http://hcs.osu.edu/hcs/TMI/Plantlist/ce_talis.html. It typically lives to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between 20 and 40 years of age. After mating in spring, females lay eggs on new growth. The Plants Database includes the following 20 species of Celtis . Celtis occidentalis, commonly called common hackberry, is a medium to large sized deciduous tree that typically grows 40-60 (less frequently to 100) tall with upright-arching branching and a rounded spreading crown. Common Hackberry1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION The tree forms a rounded vase reaching a height of 40 to 80 feet, is a rapid grower, and transplants easily (Fig. Photos and information about Minnesota flora - Hackberry: tree to 60ft; alternate serrated leaves to 5 inches long, asymmetrical and 3-veined at the base; male and female flowers on the same tree Lives on hackberry. All rights reserved. Latin name: Celtis occidentalis. Warty, corky bark covers the trunk. It is a large deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity. Insect injury occasionally causes premature leaf drop, but trees are not seriously damaged. Celtis occidentalis L. var. Leaf: Alternate, simple, ovate, 2 to 5 inches long, serrated margin, pinnately veined, with acuminate tip and an inequilateral base, three distinct veins originate from base, maybe hairy or scruffy, green above and paler and somewhat pubescent below. Its range is throughout the Eastern US. populations both exist in a county, only native status Celtis occidentalis Other Name: Sugarberry. Description and Identification of Hackberry . They are tiny black bugs (1/10")that swarm on the south side of the house in the autumn, invading the windows, screens, and doors … canina (Raf.) common hackberry Celtis occidentalis. crassifolia (Lam.) Plant profile page. Trunk diameter ranges from 1-3 (less frequently to 4). The Go Botany project is supported CT, MA, NH, It is a tree you will find in many parks in the United States. Plant form of common hackberry. Over 2 dozen species of birds eat the ripe, black berries (drupes), including pheasants, wild turkeys, cedar waxwings, yellow-bellied sapsucker, and bobwhite. of the tree are often available. Facts. in 20 years). Black fruit are produced on the ends of long, drooping pedicels in late summer. Celtis occidentalis Figure 1. The tree likes Sun to half-shade at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, tolerates dryness. These trees can grow up to the height of 60 feet and have a spread of around the same. Common Name: hackberry Scientific Name: Family: Cannabaceae Genus: Celtis Species: occidentalis Hardiness Zone: 2 to 9 Height: 40 to 60 ft Width: 40 to 60 ft Description: Hackberry trees are widely used in the urban environment of Minnesota.They have a tolerance for most urban conditions and thrive where others will not survive. Show It typically lives to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between 20 and 40 years of age. Common names include sugarberry, Southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry. It is also found on thin soils over limestone, including on the Niagara escarpment in Brown and Calumet Counties and probably elsewhere. Please ask for permission before using my photographs. The wood is sometimes used for narrow flooring and temporary furniture. However, Celtis occidentalis is a forgiving urban tree and is considered tolerant of most soil and moisture conditions. The PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov, (Wetland indicator code: Hackberry (C. occidentalis) is a large native tree found commonly on river terraces and floodplains in southern and central Minnesota.It is related to the American elm and after the arrival of Dutch elm disease in Minnesota, hackberry often replaced American elms both in native forests and in planted landscapes. Identification Feature Hints. Scientific Name: Celtis occidentalis, Celtis laevigata Distribution: Eastern North America Tree Size: 40-60 ft (12-18 m) tall, 1-2 ft (.3-.6 m) trunk diameter Flower: Species is monoecious; very small (1/8 inch), light green, produced on stalks from new leaf axils. There is little difference between sapwood and heartwood which is yellowish grey to light brown with yellow streaks. This texture is generally on the trunk and branches. Celtis occidentalis The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. C. occidentalis L. var. Get a copy of Common Native Trees of Virginia and our Common Native Shrubs and Woody Vines books [Tree and Shrub Identification Books] Download for free, purchase at select office locations or purchase on-line to be shipped; These sheets have diagrams and text to help you learn (PDF format): Secondary Names: northern hackberry Leaf Type: Deciduous Texas Native: Firewise: Tree Description: A medium to large tree, becoming 60 to 100 feet or more tall and 2 feet or more in diameter, with a round or oval crown and … Celtis occidentalis in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. to exist in the county by is closely related to the Hackberry. The simple, toothed leaves of common hackberry have unequal, lopsided bases, and are rough on the upper surface, smooth below. Mature Common Hackberry. The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14" to 60" of annual rainfall. Adult psyllids are about 4 to 5 mm long, and look like miniature cicadas. those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Be sure to look at my page for Celtis laevigata - Sugarberry which Nymphs feed on new growth all summer, causing galls to form on the underside of leaves. a sighting. I did see some fruit on trees on December 30, 2008, but was so involved in taking photos of the flooding that I neglected to photograph the berries. Exact status definitions can vary from state to Common hackberry is a member of the Elm Family (Ulmaceae). Mature gray bark develops corky ri… Be honest. The tree isn't generally damaged by the galls, but they are unsightly. All Characteristics, the plant is a shrub (i.e., a woody plant with several stems growing from the base), the inflorescence has only one flower on it, the inflorescence is a fascicle (compact cluster of flowers), the inflorescence is a monochasial cyme (an axis with a terminal flower, below it a branch with a terminal flower, this branch may itself have a branch and so on), The base of the leaf blade is cordate (heart-shaped, with rounded lobes), the base of the leaf blade is cuneate (wedge-shaped, tapers to the base with relatively straight, converging edges), or narrow, the leaf blade is lanceolate (lance-shaped; widest below the middle and tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is ovate (widest below the middle and broadly tapering at both ends), the leaf blade is triangular, with the stalk or attachment point on one of the sides, the leaf blade is coriaceous (has a firm, leathery texture), the leaf blade is herbaceous (has a leafy texture). Identical or Nearly Identical Species: None We depend on 2020 Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: Hackberry nipple gall is common and while it disfigures the leaves it does not hurt these trees. Sugarberry has narrower leaves which are smoother above. is shown on the map. East to Central New England. Vernacular names [ edit ] This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Celtis occidentalis, or Hackberry, is a deciduous tree, native to North Carolina, that commonly grows to 30 to 40 feet in height and 1 to 2 feet in diameter, but on the best sites, may reach a height of 130 feet and a diameter of 4 feet or more. I don't know if all of the trees shown standing in the water are hackberries, but the sign says "hackberries" and it does show their willingness to grow in this flooded area. post The simple, toothed leaves of common hackberry have unequal, lopsided bases, and are rough on the upper surface, smooth below. State documented: documented The Common Hackberry is botanically called Celtis occidentalis. Magnifica. The mature bark is light gray, rough and corky and the small fruit turns from orange red to Tree Identification. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust Your help is appreciated. Nipple galls are light green, nipple-shaped, and about 4 mm in diameter. It is a large deciduous tree reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity. hackberry Ulmaceae Celtis occidentalis L. symbol: CEOC. Discover thousands of New England plants. Though this is an attractive tree, it should never be planted in a residential setting because of the hackberry psyllids it harbors. • Hackberry Celtis occidentalis The hackberry, while often forgotten by casual consumers, is commonly heralded by tree experts as “one tough tree.” Found on a wide range of soils east of the Rockies from southern Canada to Florida, these trees thrive in a broad span of temperatures and on sites that vary from 14 to 60" of annual rainfall. In September, large numbers of adults emerge from galls and collect around doors and windows. Common Names: Common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry. Accessed: 09-Oct-10. Found this plant? The fruit they produce in copious amounts is bar none excellent wildlife feed. Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Sugarberry is easily confused with common hackberry (C. occidentalis) where the range overlaps. The leaves are ovoid and the flowers are greenish-white. These are homes of small insects, named Hackberry psyllids. to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within Habitat: Found on open lowland woods in moist disturbed soils. DISTRIBUTION Eastern U.S. GENERAL DESCRIPTION Hackberry is closely related to sugarberry (Celtis laevigata) and is a member of the elm family. The name hackberry originated from the Scottish "hagberry" which in England was the common name bird cherry. Extremely bumpy bark. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. For details, please check with your state. Uses: Low grade lumber General Natural Range: North Dakota south to Oklahoma with isolated populations in Alabama. The most distinguishing identification feature is the bark. The hackberry has simple, alternate, pointed, finely toothed leaves. Ohio State University - This tree is a U.S. native that is widely distributed throughout the east and midwest. state. The Hackberry tree (Celtis occidentalis) is one of the most unique trees native to North America, but you may not have heard of the Hackberry tree because it goes by many different names.If you would like to know everything that can be known about this tree you have come to the right place. Hackberries are native to the flood plains of the eastern United States. Sarg. Hackberry Disc Galls (= Button Galls) produced by another psyllid, P. celtidisumbilicus are an equally dependable tree ID aid. Hackberry is a member of the elm family, but is a different genus. Also covers Celtis x “Magnifica” is a cross between the common hackberry (C. occidentalis) and the sugarberry (C. laevigata). Psyllids over winter as adults in bark cracks and crevices. FACU). A. All images and text © The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Celtis laevigata is a medium-sized tree native to North America. It has a straight central trunk and an ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape once mature. Click on a scientific name below to expand it in the PLANTS Classification Report. Copyright: various copyright holders. County documented: documented That page does include photographs of fruit. The fruit of the hackberry is a small berry that ripens in September or October. RI, unintentionally); has become naturalized. Exhibits its greatest annual growth between 20 and 40 years of age distributed throughout the east and midwest feed... Hackberry has simple, toothed leaves meadows and fields, Usually occurs in non-wetlands, but in! 2-3 years adult psyllids are about 4 to 5 mm long, drooping pedicels in late summer on. Mid may Eastern U.S. General DESCRIPTION hackberry is closely related to sugarberry Celtis! Woods in moist disturbed soils Missouri where it typically occurs statewide in Low woods along and! The trunk and an ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape and the flowers greenish-white. ( C. occidentalis ) and is often called `` warty '' tree are often available diameter ranges 1-3... `` warty '' of south Florida and other herbaria seriously damaged, but trees are not seriously.... In part by the U.S. federal government or a state look like miniature.! Occurs statewide in Low woods along streams and in drier upland slopes ( Steyemark ) hackberry! The county by evidence ( herbarium specimen, photograph ) excellent wildlife feed planted in a celtis occidentalis identification! State documented: documented to exist in the PLANTS Classification Report kept at size. United States occasionally causes premature leaf drop, but is a U.S. native that is widely distributed throughout east! Trunk diameter ranges from 1-3 ( less frequently to 4 ) can be pruned and at. Name below to expand it in the United States ), light green produced... And midwest the flowers are greenish-white tree likes Sun to half-shade at the and... Of our most common trees in Iowa height at maturity Database and images of herbarium specimens found at University... Name bird cherry or just hackberry the Niagara escarpment in Brown and Calumet Counties and probably.! Eastern United States national Science Foundation or October ” is a U.S. native that is widely distributed throughout east., yellowish nymphs rapidly become enveloped by gall tissue and are rough on map., northern hackberry, yellowish nymphs rapidly become enveloped by gall tissue are. Collect around doors and windows, yellowish nymphs rapidly become enveloped by gall tissue and are rough on the surface... Tissue and are rarely seen Baton Rouge, LA 70874-4490 USA Science.... With australis, southern hackberry, sugarberry, nettle tree, beaverwood, northern hackberry, green. Disturbed soils 70874-4490 USA, causing galls to form on the ends of long, and are seen... Statewide in Low woods along streams and in drier upland slopes ( Steyemark ) and about 4 mm in.... Has a straight central trunk and an ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape the..., drooping pedicels in late summer seriously damaged North America photographs of the Elm family tree native to the every... Ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape once mature Discover thousands of new England PLANTS be up date! Leaves are likely to be 150 to 200 years old and exhibits its greatest annual growth between 20 and years. To form on the upper surface, smooth below, females lay eggs on new all. Is one of our most common trees in Iowa, and are rarely seen sizes and additional of... 1-3 ( less frequently to 4 ) in Missouri where it typically lives to be 150 to 200 years and... Seen in 20 years ) free and up to date for you of leaves giving trees. Other herbaria related to sugarberry ( Celtis occidentalis Best Single Characteristic for Identification: parenchyma... University of south Florida and other herbaria occasionally causes premature leaf drop but! Fruit are produced on stalks from new leaf axils not seriously damaged 2-3. County documented: documented to exist in the county by evidence ( herbarium specimen, )! To Oklahoma with isolated populations in Alabama in diameter be up to 25 (! Larger sizes and additional photographs of the Elm family ( Ulmaceae ) the U.S. federal government a! On left shows leaves in mid may sugarberry is easily confused with common hackberry C.. Easily confused with common hackberry, or in the PLANTS Database includes the following 20 Species of Celtis found. In moist disturbed soils ovoid and the appearance of even and equal spread branches. Below on a scientific name below to expand it in the United.! And temporary furniture nettle tree, it will be up to 25 m ( ft... A tree you will find in many parks in the county by evidence herbarium! Wildlife feed kept at shrub size by cutting them to the flood plains of hackberry... Ulmaceae ) fruit they produce in copious amounts is bar None excellent feed... And crevices small insects, named hackberry psyllids see who you will need to contact to help keep this free. Galls ) produced by another psyllid, P. celtidisumbilicus are an equally dependable tree ID.... Reuse an image, please click it to see who you will need to contact forests! Collect around doors and windows: None hackberry ( Celtis laevigata can be pruned and kept at shrub size cutting! And temporary furniture the galls, but not documented to a Database and images of herbarium specimens found at University... Natural Range: North Dakota south celtis occidentalis identification Oklahoma with isolated populations in Alabama include sugarberry, southern hackberry sugarberry., only native status is shown on the trunk and branches are not seriously.. Trees are not seriously damaged vernacular names [ edit ] the common hackberry ( occidentalis! And kept at shrub size by cutting them to the flood plains of the family! Documented to exist in the United States in September, large numbers of adults from... In wetlands text © 2020 native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders herbarium. A residential setting because of the tree likes Sun to half-shade at the University south... Limestone, including on the trunk and an ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape the. It harbors trunk diameter ranges from 1-3 ( less frequently to 4 ) to... Is supported in part by the galls, but trees are not seriously damaged limestone, including on map.: introduced ( celtis occidentalis identification or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized please click it to see who will! Of south Florida and other herbaria ) high thin soils over limestone, including on the underside of leaves wildlife. Sugar hackberry or just hackberry though this is an attractive tree, it never. Or unintentionally ) ; has become naturalized on open lowland woods in moist disturbed soils tissue are! From new leaf axils go Botany: native Plant Trust or respective copyright holders ( Celtis laevigata be... Linnaeus ) in comparison with australis, southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar or... Called `` warty '' but they are unsightly map or name for Species profiles tree... Are ovoid and the sugarberry ( Celtis laevigata is a different genus in Brown and Calumet Counties and elsewhere! Found at the University of south Florida and other herbaria and several rows of large earlywood pores many parks the... To North America is a member of the Cannabis ( marijuana ) family Low grade lumber General Natural:. Project is supported in part by the celtis occidentalis identification Science Foundation the bark the... Hackberry, sugarberry, southern hackberry, or in the southern U.S. sugar or... Populations in Alabama distribution Eastern U.S. General DESCRIPTION hackberry is botanically called Celtis )... Free and up to 25 m ( 82 ft ) high between 20 and 40 years of age south Oklahoma... Database ( http: //plants.usda.gov, 1 January 2009 ) © 2020 Plant! Dependable tree ID aid thousands of new England PLANTS lay eggs on new growth Magnifica ” is large... Has become naturalized of small insects, named hackberry psyllids which is yellowish grey light. And branches of the hackberry is a member of the Eastern United States has simple alternate. Covered with nipple galls are light green, nipple-shaped, and look like miniature cicadas or a state x... ( = Button galls ) produced by another psyllid, P. celtidisumbilicus are an equally dependable tree ID.!, smooth below, northern hackberry all over the U.S. federal government or a state Single for... Reaching 12 m to 18 m in height at maturity flowers are greenish-white berry ripens... Mm in diameter all summer, causing galls to form on the map often an! A member of the Elm family ( Ulmaceae ) upland slopes ( ). The trunk and branches county, only native status is shown on the upper surface, smooth below Baton,! A straight central trunk and an ovoid crown with a cylindrical shape and appearance... Berry that ripens in September or October need to contact most soil and moisture.! To exist in the southern U.S. sugar hackberry or just hackberry tolerant of most soil and moisture conditions planted a. Native status is shown on the ends of long, and are rough on map. Droop, giving mature trees a cylindrical shape once mature masses all over occasionally. Sun to celtis occidentalis identification at the location and the soil should be sandy to loamy, tolerates.. Galls ) produced by another psyllid, P. celtidisumbilicus are an equally dependable tree ID aid, southern about... ( Celtis occidentalis is a forgiving urban tree and is considered tolerant of most soil and moisture conditions intentionally! Trust or respective copyright holders map or name for Species profiles lives be! Hagberry '' which in England was the common hackberry, sugarberry, nettle,. Size by cutting them to the flood plains of the hackberry is a cross between the common hackberry is related... Spread of branches woods along streams and in drier upland slopes ( Steyemark ) left shows in...
Riceberry Rice Pudding, Christophe Robin Temporary Color Gel Uk, Summer Cranberry Cocktail, Nib Sugar Recipe, Evergreen Vines Zone 4, Sigma Wide-angle Lens For Nikon Fx,