Color: Blue to blue-green. A fine emerald is a truly breathtaking sight, and this member of the beryl family deserves its placement among the traditional “Big Four” gems, along with diamond, ruby, and sapphire. See what’s inside…. Turquoise was also a symbol of wealth, prosperity, and abundance in many ancient societies. Turquoise. There are two birthstones for the month of December, turquoise and zircon. Author Hayasaka Yoshino. From January to December we have a variety of birthstone rings, earrings, necklaces and bracelets. However, spinel is another modern option. Crystallography: Tetragonal. We’ll note which stones are the most popular options by month. Crystallography: Hexagonal (trigonal). Crystallography: Hexagonal. IGS may receive customer referral fees from the companies listed in this page. Color: Deep to medium green, blueish green. Yoshino is also famous as a fortune teller and seen over 10,000 people. Kurnakovite is difficult to cut, inadvisable to wear, and usually colorless. The December gemstone is believed to bring peace of mind and prosperity. Topaz is the birthstone for December in the Hindu calendar, and is also listed as modern December birthstone in the West, though there the gemstone’s variety specifically designated to be birthstone of December is the blue topaz. In the United States today, people draw freely from both lists and pick the stones that appeal to them. Hardness: 7.5-8 The orient is the color seen as reflected by a diffuse light source. Few gems have held our attention over millennia as well as sapphire. Hardness: 9 The rest of the color is due to the body color. Color: Colorless, white, yellow, orange, and red (various shades), yellowish brown, greenish, blue, gray, black, violet. Crystallography: Hexagonal Turquoise is traditionally the birthstone for December, and remains the December birthstone in modern gemology. Sources: Myanmar, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Cambodia, Madagascar, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Afghanistan, Nepal, and Vietnam. Even though topaz has a greater hardness (8) than citrine, citrine still makes a more durable ring stone. Color: All varieties of red, from pinkish, purplish, orangey, brownish, to dark red. Ruby is both the modern and traditional birthstone for July. Diamond is both the modern and traditional birthstone for April. Aquamarine is the modern birthstone for March, while bloodstone is the traditional option. Sources: Occurs naturally worldwide (but rarely); most pearls are cultivated. But turquoise and zircon can be difficult to find in fine jewelry, so the new and popular tanzanite was added to the official birthstone list of the American Gem Trade Association in 2002 as an additional birthstone for December. Thus, some traditional stones remain popular. The January birthstone, garnet, is thought to keep the wearer safe during travel. Affiliate Disclosure Lapis lazuli was a modern birthstone of December in the United States of America until February of 2013, when the American Gem Trade Association replaced the gemstone with zircon as December stone. If you're … May show color zoning. There are in fact three official December birthstones - Turquoise, Tanzanite and Blue Zircon, with Blue … No other gem comes in as many colors, including multi-colors, as tourmaline, the modern October birthstone. Meaning: spiritual protection. Crystallography: Amorphous. Eastern Traditions There are three December birthstones; tanzanite, zircon, and turquoise. Color: All varieties of green. Lapis Lazuli. “Emerald by day, ruby by night,” alexandrite is well-known for displaying one of the most remarkable color changes in the gem world — green in sunlight and red in incandescent light. The correct question would in fact be, what are the birthstones for December? 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